If you are anything like me, you love to be surrounded by plants and flowers but haven’t exactly established a green thumb. Growing up in Toronto, my mom would fill our entire home, including the front and backyard with plants. Every winter she would bring all the plants from outside in from the cold and our home would slightly resemble a jungle. There is something about having a variety of plants that brightens up your living space.
Plants that require a low amount of light and water to thrive are typically known as indoor or houseplants. Like all plants, they require a certain amount of sunlight, water, fertilizer and more. If you are just starting out, it may seem like a chore but with more practice and experience it will become like second nature. You will be able to look at your plants and understand exactly what it is, it needs.
Sourcing out plants that are low-maintenance is the perfect solution to starting your talent for growing plants! Did you know that plants clean and maintain the atmosphere. They produce oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide during photosynthesis. If you haven’t developed your green thumb yet, not to worry! I have researched the top 10 houseplants, that are beautiful, easy to care for and will keep the air in your home clean.
*Please keep in mind that some plants and flowers can be very dangerous for pets, as they can be poisonous when consumed. If you have a pet please do further research or ask your local vet/florist or garden center for more information.
Top 10 Popular Houseplants
1. Aloe Vera
The Aloe Vera plant (succulent type) is well known for offering a variety of possible health and beauty benefits.
How to care for the Aloe Vera:
These are succulents which are mainly made up of water and retain a lot of water in it’s foliage (for storage), similar to a cactus. The soil needs to be moist which is easy to check by placing a finger an inch deep into the soil to make sure it is not dry. It needs much less in the winter.
To 3 feet high and 3 feet wide
Bright light; 65 – 75°F; moderately dry soil.
The Aloe Vera thrives on bright light conditions, but not direct sunlight. Heat is fine because they react similar to a cacti in hot conditions. Bright rather than light (direct), is the key.
2. Snake Plant
Sansevierias (snake plants) are some of the toughest plants you can find. Whether indoors, in your garden or on your balcony, these spiky beauties can put up with almost anything.
Sansevierias are known for their air purification. They filter out formaldehyde and nitrogen oxide. They do this at night time making them great plants for the bedroom. When you fo to sleep, this plant will clean the oxygen around you.
How to care for the Snake Plant:
Always make sure the soil is almost completely dry before thoroughly watering again. Water your Snake Plants every 2-6 weeks, depending on your home’s temperature, light levels, and humidity.
Sansevieria are evergreen perennials that can grow anywhere from eight inches to 12 feet high and 6-36 inches wide.
Low to bright light; 60 – 85° moderately dry soil.
Even though Sansevierias prefer medium light (which is about 10′ away from the west or south window), they’ll also tolerate low light and high light. How versatile they are! Just be sure to keep them out of the direct sun because they’ll burn in a heartbeat.
Snake plants don’t mind the dry or stale air in our homes and offices. They’ll also do well in bathrooms where the humidity tends to be much higher!
Dieffenbachia’s tolerance of shade makes them a good plant to begin learning the basics of indoor houseplant care.
How to care for a Dieffenbachia:
Plant in a well-draining soil and water lightly, keeping the soil consistently moist, but not soggy. These plants can become easily over-watered which can lead to root rot. Check the soil to make sure it is dry an inch down before watering again.
The answer to plant size depends on the variety. Majority of Dieffenbachia are approximately 1 – 6 feet high and 1 – 3 feet wide
Low to medium light; 65 – 80°F; evenly moist soil.
Rotate the dieffenbachia houseplant regularly to provide adequate light to all sides of the plant and prevent it from reaching toward the light on one side.
4. Peace Lily
Peace lilies are one of the most common houseplants because they are easy to grow and very beautiful.
Peace lilies are tropical, evergreen plants that thrive on the forest floor, where they receive dappled sunlight and consistent moisture. Replicating these conditions in the home is the key to getting your peace lily to be happy and healthy.
How to care for a Peace Lily:
Keep the soil moist, but do not overwater. Peace lilies can tolerate short periods of dry soil, but their leaves will start to brown if neglected for too long.
Peace lilies are sensitive to chemicals commonly found in tap water, such as fluoride, which may cause brown leaf tips. Use filtered, room-temperature water, if possible.
There are a few different types of peace lilies, some grow approximately 8-12 inches, while others grow 4-6 feet!
Peace lilies enjoy high humidity. Misting their leaves or placing their pot atop a moistened tray of gravel can help to increase humidity.
Peace lilies are a tropical plant, so keep them in temperatures above 60°F (16°C) and away from cold, drafty windows. They do best in temperatures upwards of 70°F (21°C).
Keep these plants out of direct afternoon sunlight, but in a well-lit area. An east-facing window is ideal, as they will be exposed to the warmth of the morning sun but avoid the intensity of mid-day rays
The arrowhead plant is very easy to care for. It can be grown alone or in mixed planting. However, as the plant grows it will begin to vine; therefore, it may be a good idea to grow the arrowhead plant in a hanging basket.
How to care for an Arrowhead:
The arrowhead plant should have moist potting soil and dry out slightly between watering’s. Add less water in fall and winter.
They can grow anywhere from 6 – 36 inches high and 6 – 36 inches wide
The arrowhead plant should receive bright light, but not direct sunlight. Low to medium light; 60 – 75°F; evenly moist soil
Philodendron adapts well to almost any indoor setting. Philodendron care is easy because if you watch for the signals, the plant will tell you exactly what it needs.
The plant’s low light tolerance makes it a good choice for bookshelves and for draping over the sides of a large piece of furniture.
How to care for a Philodendron:
When growing philodendron plants, allow the top inch of soil to dry out between each watering.
Droopy leaves can mean that the plant is getting too much or not enough water. But the leaves recover quickly when you correct the watering schedule.
They grow anywhere from 1 – 10 feet high and 1 – 6 feet wide.
Set the plant in a location with bright, indirect sunlight. Find a position near a window where the sun’s rays never actually touch the foliage.
Low to bright light; 60 – 80°F; moderately dry to evenly moist soil.
8. Parlor Palm
The elegant, upright parlor palm has been a popular houseplant since Victorian times!
The small size, ranging from a few inches to three feet, makes Parlor Palm plants an ideal match for tabletop decorations, terrariums, and other small spaces inside a house.
How to care for a Parlor Palm:
Parlor Palm prefers areas with high humidity. The soil around a Parlor Palm should be evenly moist. Water freely during the growing season but reduce the frequency of watering during the winter. Make sure that the soil remains moist but well drained.
Parlor Palm can grow anywhere from 1 – 8 feet high and 1 – 3 feet wide.
Native to rainforest regions, Parlor Palm (Chamaedora elegans) thrives in low light and shaded areas of the home. Bright filtered light is also acceptable but do not place in direct sunlight.
9. English Ivy
English ivy plants (Hedera helix) are superb climbers, clinging to almost any surface by means of small roots that grow along the stems. Ivy is well suited for hanging baskets or pots. Place English ivy on a mantel or shelf where the stems can hang down. The stems can grow quite long but are easily controlled with pruning.
How to care for an English Ivy:
Water them often enough to keep the soil moist until the plants are established and growing. These vines grow best when they have plenty of moisture, but they tolerate dry conditions too.
The Ivy can grow up to 6 – 12 inches high and 6 – 72 inches wide. The vines over the years can grow 50 feet long or more!
Plant English ivy in a shady area with an organically rich soil. Medium to bright light; 55 – 70°F; average to high humidity; evenly moist soil.
Ferns are relatively easy to grow. Ferns that are pampered and protected from things like dry air and temperature extremes will reward you with lush green fronds all year round, beautifying your indoor garden more than you could imagine!
How to care for a Fern:
Most ferns like an evenly moist soil with regular watering’s. Allowing the soil to dry out between watering’s stresses these plants.
You need to water your ferns whenever the top 3 inches of soil feel dry. This may be once a week, or may be every day. Check the soil frequently to determine how often you need to water them.
Tip! Bushy ferns can be difficult to water. Try using a watering can with a long spout to direct the water to the center of the plant.
Ferns can reach 12 inches to 6 feet tall, depending on the type and growing conditions.
Give your ferns a position near a window that gets morning or late afternoon sun, and keep the ferns away from strong sunlight, especially during the summer. Ferns thrive in bright light. Direct sunlight however, will make them lose their leaves or turn their fronds yellow.
Author: Tasha Alexander
Source: https://www.midwestliving.com/garden/container/super-easy-house-plants/; https://www.houseplantsexpert.com; https://joyusgarden.com; https://www.almanac.com/plant/peace-lilies; www.plantcaretoday.com; https://gardeningknowhow.com; https://hgtv.com/outdoors/landscaping; www.wikihow.com;